Return operations

The EU law requires that return operations are monitored for the respect of fundamental rights. For this purpose, each Member State must establish an effective forced-return monitoring system. 

In Frontex, the monitoring can be done:

• by forced-return monitors who are either nominated and deployed directly by Member States’ institutions competent for monitoring or from the forced-return monitor pool managed by Frontex; or

• by fundamental rights monitors employed by the agency.

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