Frontex, the European Border and Coast Guard Agency, supports EU
Member States and Schengen-associated countries in the management
of the EU’s external borders and the fight against cross-border crime.
Frontex is a centre of excellence for border control activities at the EU’s
external borders, sharing intelligence and expertise with all Member
States and with neighbouring non-EU countries affected by migratory
trends and cross-border crime.
With the standing corps, the European Union’s first uniformed law
enforcement service, Frontex has transformed into an operational
arm of the EU.
Hundreds of officers are taking part in operations
at the external borders of the European Union and beyond.
They perform a variety of tasks such as border surveillance, fighting
cross-border crime, and assisting in return operations.
The officers stand together with national authorities to safeguard the
Schengen Area, one of Europe’s greatest achievements.
ideas that led to the creation of Frontex have a deep history in the European
project. Fostering the free movement of people has been an important objective
of European integration. In 1957, free movement of goods, persons, services and
capital were identified as foundations of the Community in the Treaty of Rome.
the 1980s, five Member States (Belgium, France, Germany, Luxembourg and the
Netherlands) decided to create a common area of free movement – a territory
without internal borders. In 1985, they signed the first agreement in a small
town in Luxembourg called Schengen – an agreement that was followed in 1990 by a
Convention implementing the Schengen Agreement.
“Schengen area” – a territory in which the free movement of persons - entered
into force in 1995, checks at the internal borders were abolished and a single
external border was created. Slowly, border control, as well as the rules
governing visas and the right to asylum, became common for all Schengen countries.
to keep a balance between freedom and security, participating Member States
agreed to introduce additional measures focusing on cooperation and
coordination of the work of the police and judicial authorities. Because
organised crime networks do not respect borders, this cooperation became key to
safeguarding internal security.
In 1999, with the signing of the Treaty of
Amsterdam, this intergovernmental cooperation was incorporated into the EU
1999 the European Council on Justice and Home Affairs has taken several steps
towards further strengthening cooperation in the area of migration, asylum and
border management field, this led to the creation of the External Border
Practitioners Common Unit - a group composed of members of the Strategic
Committee on Immigration, Frontiers and Asylum (SCIFA) and heads of national
border control services.
The Common Unit coordinated national projects of
Ad-Hoc Centres on Border Control. Their task was to oversee EU-wide pilot
projects and to implement common operations related to border management.
Frontex is born
after the establishment of "ad-hoc" centres the European Council
decided to go a step further. With the objective of improving procedures and
working methods of the Common Unit, Council Regulation (EC) 2007/2004 of 26
October 2004 led to the establishment of the European Agency for the Management
of Operational Cooperation at the External Borders of the Member States of the
European Union (Frontex).
Regulation was repealed by Regulation (EU) 2016/1624 of 14 September 2016, establishing
Frontex, the European Border and Coast Guard Agency.
The latest amendment of the Frontex mandate occurred when the Regulation (EU) 2019/1896 of 13 November 2019 on the European Border and Coast Guard (OJ L 295, 14.11.2019, p. 1) came into force.
Together with the Member States, we ensure safe and well-functioning external borders providing security.
We are professional We have
the knowledge, skills and competencies needed to fulfil our mission efficiently
with high ethical standards and we continuously strive for excellence to
improve our performance.
We are respectful We
recognise people, institutions and their roles and demonstrate respect by
treating these as valuable and important.
We seek cooperation Together with EU MSs relevant
national authorities, with participation of other stakeholders we manage the EU
external borders and seek cooperation with non-EU countries.
Together, we cooperate and collaborate across the organisation as well as
with external stakeholders in order to accomplish common goals and objectives.
We are accountable We are
trustworthy in fulfilling our responsibilities in our work, its timeliness and
We care As
European public agents we serve the interests of citizens because we care about
people and believe in European values.