January and April, there were about 57 800 irregular entries to the European
Union, according to preliminary calculations*. This is 69% more than in the
first four months of last year.
Refugees fleeing Ukraine and entering the EU through border
crossing points are not part of the figures of illegal entries detected. According
to the latest Frontex data, more than 5.9 million people have entered the EU
from Ukraine and Moldova since the beginning of invasion in February.
Frontex registered around 15 000 irregular crossings, 79% more than in the same
month last year.
moment, Frontex has more than 2 000 standing corps officers and staff at
various sections of the EU external border, as well as in Albania, Serbia, Montenegro
Top migratory routes
first four months of 2022, the most active migratory routes into the EU were the
Western Balkan, Eastern Mediterranean and Central Mediterranean routes.
Balkan route accounted for nearly half of all the illegal border crossings
with 27 172 illegal crossings, up by 130% from last year. The main
nationalities on this route included Syrians and Afghans.
of detections on the Eastern Mediterranean route remained high with 9
109 arrivals (+86%). This was particularly due to the steady number of arrivals
to Cyprus, which accounted for more than half of all detections. Most migrants came from Syria, Nigeria and
9 300 illegal crossings were registered on the Central
Mediterranean route between January and April, roughly 4% more than during
the same period in the previous year. The main nationalities represented on
this route were Egyptians, Bangladeshi and Tunisians.
On the Eastern
land border route, Frontex registered 1683 irregular crossings, over five
times more than last year. The main nationalities on this route were nationals
of Ukraine, Iraq and Belarus.
The number of irregular migrants seeking to cross the Channel
towards the UK using small
boats continued to rise in both sides of the Channel: roughly 12 800 attempts were recorded, which
is a 160% increase compared to the same period in 2021. The main nationalities on this route were from Afghanistan, Syria and
*The figure includes other less active migratory routes not
mentioned in this press release. The final figures may be higher due to delayed
Note: The preliminary data presented in this statement refer to the number of
detections of irregular border-crossing at the external borders of the European
Union. The same person may attempt to cross the border several times in
different locations at the external border.