Pooling Resources

One of Frontex’s core activities is to provide operational and technical assistance to EU Member States and certain other countries in the area of border control.

To fulfil these tasks, Frontex uses experts and equipment made available by Member States and the Schengen Associated Countries as well as its own resources.

As the European Border and Coast Guard Regulation (EBCG) gives the Agency an expanded role, delivering a wider range of technical and expert support, this pool of resources is set to grow.

An important part of the Agency’s work is to ensure these pooled resources are in the right place at the right time. This is especially relevant for the establishment of Frontex rapid reaction capacity, where the Agency is tasked to quickly provide assistance to EU Member States that find themselves “under exceptional and disproportionate migratory pressure”.

Under the EBCG Regulation, EU Member States are expected to contribute to this rapid reaction capacity by creating a quasi “standing corps” of at least 1500 experts, who have to be available for deployment at short notice. In addition, Frontex decides annually what number of items of technical equipment is to be available for the same purpose.

Human Resources

Frontex deploys European Border and Coast Guard Teams, Return Intervention Teams and Migration Management Support Teams.

These teams are composed of border guards and other relevant staff members from EU Member States who are experts in different areas of border management.

The teams have expertise in areas including:

  • land and sea border surveillance
  • identification of false documents
  • dog handling
  • return-related activities
  • establishing the nationality of irregular migrants detected at the border
  • child protection
  • trafficking in human beings
  • cross-border crime
  • protection against gender-based persecution and/or fundamental rights etc.

The teams can be deployed in various activities: Frontex joint operations, rapid interventions, return interventions and other operations (including rapid return interventions).

The experts are made available by EU Member States based on the specific profiles developed by Frontex. These profiles determine the knowledge, skills and competences that are required to perform certain tasks as part of Frontex operational activities. Experts are selected for deployment depending on the operational needs of the task in question. If necessary, teams can also be reinforced with relevant Frontex and other EU-agencies’ staff members. 

Frontex helps improve the knowledge, skills and competences of the experts made available for future deployment by providing training. All members of the European Border and Coast Guard Teams will receive training in relevant union and international law, including fundamental rights and access to international protection.

Technical Equipment

Frontex deploys aerial, maritime and terrestrial equipment as well as small technical equipment dedicated to border control in the framework of joint operations, migration management support team deployments, rapid border interventions, return operations and return interventions provided by EU Member States upon request.

Frontex also deploys its own equipment, which is acquired, leased or sometimes co-owned with EU Member States. The Agency is constantly examining new ways to acquire technical equipment. The new Regulation also foresees the possibility of sharing assets with other EU-agencies when taking part in multipurpose operations.

On a yearly basis Frontex identifies the overall minimum number of technical equipment (OMNTE) required to meet the needs of the Agency. In order to ensure compatibility and interoperability, the deployed technical equipment must meet technical standards defined by Frontex. 

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