Every country has its own border security needs. While sea borders are the focus of islands like Cyprus and Malta, other countries, such as Austria, have no sea border but are surrounded by land borders. Similarly, the systems and structures each country uses vary enormously — some have specialist border guards, while others use police units or other authorities for border control. Hence, each EU Member State has its own training solutions. In order for the border authorities of all these countries to work together to the same standards, common grounds need to be established, and this is where Frontex comes in.
Frontex vision is to represent excellence in border guard education and training, promoting the development of a common European border guard culture with high professional and ethical standards. This is achieved by supporting capacity building in Member States and Partner Countries, and by developing and implementing harmonised, learner-centred and cost-effective training products, based on the implementation of an integrated border management approach.
Frontex training activities are carried out on the basis of regular activities and training projects which are designed through joint efforts of Frontex and experts from Member States, supported by other EU Agencies and international organisations. Courses are mainly targeted towards trainers who can train other border guards in their country, in their own language. Standardised results are ensured through the use of Frontex training tools and through guidelines given to multiplier trainers. With this approach, all border guard officers can be trained in the same training standards in their mother tongue.
Frontex uses different training approaches: training sessions e.g. face-to-face, blended or online, self-directed learning e.g. eLearning tools and mobility/exchange programmes. Education and training for border guards in the Member States are aligned to the Bologna and Copenhagen principles and the European Qualifications Framework for Lifelong Learning (EQF).
The training activities aim at building capacities in four main areas:
- Educational Standards
- European Border Guard Team (EBGT) Training
- Thematic Training Support
- Training infrastructures and networks
Training activities are managed in Virtual Aula, platform where border management agencies from EU Member States, Schengen Associated Countries and states having a signed working agreement with Frontex may share information about training and organisational structures.