Despite the existence of a common legal framework, border checks and surveillance practices often vary between Member States. This variation may impact on the security in the Schengen area and increase disparities among Member States in their capacity to perform border controls, leading to vulnerabilities in the external borders.
The project aims at harmonising Member States’ border control capacities – including the harmonisation of technical equipment and working practices where necessary and identifying future capacity needs with a view to making the border control more efficient and effective. Frontex further aims to achieve compatibility and interoperability by working closely with Member States and other stakeholders to develop and implement shared standards and recommendations.
These goals are achieved by examining areas of common practices and by identifying capability needs leading to the development of successful practices and recommendations in the area of border control which are thereafter cascaded to the policy makers and EU funded research.
Some of the agency’s main activities and products in the area of harmonising border control capacities include:
- Best practices and guidelines;
- Capability tools;
- Studies and study visits;
- Working groups;
The information gathered through these activities about current practices, challenges/benefits and capability needs are disseminated to all relevant internal and external stakeholders, such as Member States, European Commission, EU agencies, international organisations and standardisation bodies as well as non-EU countries.