Poland: Straż Graniczna
The Polish Border Guard was appointed on May 16, 1991. It is an armed and uniformed formation, established to ensure protection of the state border on land and at sea, and to organise and conduct border traffic control. Due to the powers granted, the Polish Border Guard is a formation of a police character. International agreements related to the establishment of the Schengen area make it possible to strengthen cooperation between the border protection services of the individual member countries, starting from information exchange up to joint actions by the officers aimed against smuggling, trafficking in humans, or illegal immigration.
Portugal: Serviço de Estrangeiros e Fronteiras
SEF is a security service organised vertically under the Ministry of Home Affairs. It has administrative autonomy and its fundamental objectives within the internal security policy include border control of persons, leave to stay and the activities of foreigners in Portugal, as well as the study, promotion, coordination and execution of measures and actions related to these activities and migratory flows. As a criminal police body, in terms of criminal procedural law, SEF acts in the process under the direction and operational dependence of the competent legal authority, implementing measures determined by that authority and the acts delegated by the same.