Under Article 6 of the EU Regulation establishing the European Border and Coast Guard Agency, Frontex is accountable to the European Parliament and to the European Council.
One of the ways that works in practice is that our Management Board provides our annual activity report and annual/multiannual work programmes to the Parliament and the Council. They may ask the Frontex executive director to report on any matter related to our operations. We also provide general risk analyses and, at least once a year, the results of a vulnerability assessment.
Both the Council and the Parliament also exercise financial supervision over the Agency’s budget and are informed about any substantial additional financial needs or staffing requirements that may arise because of a situation on the borders.
Another example is our obligation to inform the European Parliament of working arrangements concluded with EU institutions, bodies, offices, agencies and international organisations. We’re also obliged to inform the Parliament before concluding working arrangements with non-EU countries.
Frontex is also accountable to national border guard authorities whose representatives are members of the Agency’s Management Board.