Migratory routes map

One of the biggest entry routes for migrants into the EU is via international airports.

Main migratory routes into the EU / land & sea

  • Western African route
  • Western Mediterranean route
  • Central Mediterranean route
  • Apulia and Calabria route
  • Circular route from Albania to Greece
  • Western Balkan route
  • Eastern Mediterranean route
  • Eastern Borders route
  • Schengen area
  • Schengen associate countries
  • Central Mediterranean route
    Number of illegal border crossings in 2016 (Jan-Sep): 127 599

    Top 3 nationalities of migrants:
    Nigeria 25 744
    Eritrea 15 247
    Côte d'Ivoire 8 653
    read more read more
  • Western Mediterranean route
    Number of illegal border crossings in 2016 (Jan-Sep):Data for September 2016 includes only figures on the sea border): 6 090

    Top 3 nationalities of migrants:
    Guinea 1 403
    Côte d'Ivoire 1 137
    Algeria 909
    read more read more
  • Western African route
    Number of illegal border crossings in 2016 (Jan-Sep): 473

    Top 3 nationalities of migrants:
    Côte d'Ivoire 169
    Guinea 147
    Cameroon 54
    read more read more
  • Western Balkan route
    Number of illegal border crossings in 2016 (Jan-Sep): 121 712

    Top 3 nationalities of migrants:
    Not specified (Data reported by Croatia are not disaggregated by nationality) 102 333
    Afghanistan 7 178
    Pakistan 3 566
  • Eastern Borders route
    Number of illegal border crossings in 2016 (Jan-Aug): 853

    Top 3 nationalities of migrants:
    Vietnam 239
    Afghanistan 106
    Ukraine 92
    read more read more
  • Eastern Mediterranean route
    Number of illegal border crossings in 2016 (Jan-Sep): 172 982

    Top 3 nationalities of migrants:
    Syria 81 390
    Afghanistan 42 053
    Iraq 26 739
    read more read more
  • Circular route from Albania to Greece
    Number of illegal border crossings in 2016 (Jan-Aug): 3 054

    Top 3 nationalities of migrants:
    Albania 2 971
    Afghanistan 39
    Syria 15
    read more read more
  • Apulia and Calabria route
    Number of illegal border crossings in 2016 (Jan-Sep)

    Included in Central Mediterranean route read more read more

Source: FRAN and JORA data as of 7 October 2016. The data presented refer to detections of illegal border-crossing rather than the number of persons, as the same person may cross the external border several times. However, there is currently no EU system in place capable of tracing each person’s movements following an illegal border-crossing. Therefore, it is not possible to establish the precise number of persons who have illegally crossed the external border.