Migratory routes map

One of the biggest entry routes for migrants into the EU is via international airports.

Main migratory routes into the EU / land & sea

  • Western African route
  • Western Mediterranean route
  • Central Mediterranean route
  • Apulia and Calabria route
  • Circular route from Albania to Greece
  • Western Balkan route
  • Eastern Mediterranean route
  • Eastern Borders route
  • Schengen area
  • Schengen associate countries
  • Central Mediterranean route
    Number of illegal border crossings in 2016 (Jan-Dec): 181 126

    Top 3 nationalities of migrants:
    Nigeria 37 546
    Eritrea 20 719
    Guinea 13 424
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  • Western Mediterranean route
    Number of illegal border crossings in 2016 (Jan-Nov): 8 797

    Top 3 nationalities of migrants:
    Guinea 1 855
    Côte d'Ivoire 1 527
    Algeria 1 473
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  • Western African route
    Number of illegal border crossings in 2016 (Jan-Nov): 583

    Top 3 nationalities of migrants:
    Côte d'Ivoire 160
    Guinea 156
    Marocco 72
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  • Western Balkan route
    Number of illegal border crossings in 2016 (Jan-Dec): 122 779

    Top 3 nationalities of migrants:
    Not specified (Data reported until March 2016 by Croatia are not disaggregated by nationality) 102 332
    Afghanistan 7 271
    Pakistan 3 860
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  • Eastern Borders route
    Number of illegal border crossings in 2016 (Jan-Nov): 1 278

    Top 3 nationalities of migrants:
    Vietnam 392
    Afghanistan 150
    Ukraine 137
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  • Eastern Mediterranean route
    Number of illegal border crossings in 2016 (Jan-Dec): 182 534

    Top 3 nationalities of migrants:
    Syria 84 608
    Afghanistan 43 192
    Iraq 28 087
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  • Circular route from Albania to Greece
    Number of illegal border crossings in 2016 (Jan-Nov): 4 664

    Top 3 nationalities of migrants:
    Albania 4 535
    Afghanistan 49
    Syria 25
  • Apulia and Calabria route
    Number of illegal border crossings in 2016 (Jan-Nov)

    Included in Central Mediterranean route read more read more

Source: FRAN and JORA data as of 4 January 2017. The data presented refer to detections of illegal border-crossing rather than the number of persons, as the same person may cross the external border several times. However, there is currently no EU system in place capable of tracing each person’s movements following an illegal border-crossing. Therefore, it is not possible to establish the precise number of persons who have illegally crossed the external border.