Migratory routes map

One of the biggest entry routes for migrants into the EU is via international airports: most of those who currently reside in the EU illegally, originally entered in possession of valid travel documents and a visa whose validity period they have since overstayed.

Main migratory routes into the EU / land & sea

  • Western African route
  • Western Mediterranean route
  • Central Mediterranean route
  • Apulia and Calabria route
  • Circular route from Albania to Greece
  • Western Balkan route
  • Eastern Mediterranean route
  • Eastern Borders route
  • Schengen area
  • Schengen associate countries
  • Central Mediterranean route
    Number of illegal border crossings in 2016 (Jan-Apr): 27 147

    Top 3 nationalities of migrants:
    Nigeria 4 204
    Gambia 2 903
    Côte d'Ivoire 2 296
    read more read more
  • Western Mediterranean route
    Number of illegal border crossings in 2016 (Jan-March): 1 408

    Top 3 nationalities of migrants:
    Guinea 593
    Cameroon 184
    Côte d'Ivoire 150
    read more read more
  • Western African route
    Number of illegal border crossings in 2016 (Jan-March): 162

    Top 3 nationalities of migrants:
    Guinea 65
    Côte d'Ivoire 55
    Cameroon 17
  • Western Balkan route
    Number of illegal border crossings in 2016 (Jan-Apr): 112 477

    Top 3 nationalities of migrants:
    Not specified (Data reported by Croatia are not disaggregated by nationality) 102 331
    Afghanistan 3 106
    Pakistan 2 007
    read more read more
  • Eastern Borders route
    Number of illegal border crossings in 2016 (Jan-March): 213

    Top 3 nationalities of migrants:
    Vietnam 36
    Turkey 30
    Afghanistan 29
  • Eastern Mediterranean route
    Number of illegal border crossings in 2016 (Jan-Apr): 157 019

    Top 3 nationalities of migrants:
    Syria 76 741
    Afghanistan 39 285
    Iraq 24 907
    read more read more
  • Circular route from Albania to Greece
    Number of illegal border crossings in 2016 (Jan-March): 1 350

    Top 3 nationalities of migrants:
    Albania 1 344
    FYR of Macedonia 2
    Serbia 1
  • Apulia and Calabria route
    Number of illegal border crossings in 2016 (Jan-March)

    Included in Central Mediterranean route read more read more

Source: FRAN, JORA and Croatian Ministry of Interior data as of 6 May 2016. Data presented refer to the number of detections of illegal border-crossing at the external borders of the European Union. Illegal border-crossings at the external borders may be attempted several times by the same person.