Migratory routes map

Main migratory routes into the EU / land & sea

  • Western African route
  • Western Mediterranean route
  • Central Mediterranean route
  • Apulia and Calabria route
  • Circular route from Albania to Greece
  • Western Balkan route
  • Eastern Mediterranean route
  • Eastern Borders route
  • Schengen area
  • Schengen associate countries
  • Central Mediterranean route
    Number of illegal border crossings in 2018 Jan: 4 843

    Top 3 nationalities of migrants:
    Not specified 2 083
    Eritrea 580
    Pakistan 258
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  • Western Mediterranean route
    Number of illegal border crossings in 2018 Jan: 1 314

    Top 3 nationalities of migrants:
    Guinea 296
    Marocco 255
    Côte d'Ivoire 217
  • Western African route
    Number of illegal border crossings in 2017 (Jan-Dec): 421

    Top 3 nationalities of migrants:
    Senegal 189
    Morocco 109
    Not specified 51
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  • Western Balkan route
    Number of illegal border crossings in 2018 Jan: 302

    Top 3 nationalities of migrants:
    Afghanistan 136
    Pakistan 120
    Syria 12
  • Eastern Borders route
    Number of illegal border crossings in 2017 (Jan-Dec): 776

    Top 3 nationalities of migrants:
    Viet Nam 261
    Ukraine 105
    Russian Federation 69
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  • Eastern Mediterranean route
    Number of illegal border crossings in 2018 Jan: 1 850

    Top 3 nationalities of migrants:
    Syria 500
    Iraq 383
    Turkey 230
  • Circular route from Albania to Greece
    Number of illegal border crossings in 2017 (Jan-Dec): 6 396

    Top 3 nationalities of migrants:
    Albania 6 220
    Afghanistan 18
    Syria 18
  • Apulia and Calabria route
    Number of illegal border crossings in 2017 (Jan-Dec)

    Included in Central Mediterranean route read more read more

Source: FRAN and JORA data as of 07 February 2018. The data presented refer to detections of illegal border-crossing rather than the number of persons, as the same person may cross the external border several times. However, there is currently no EU system in place capable of tracing each person’s movements following an illegal border-crossing. Therefore, it is not possible to establish the precise number of persons who have illegally crossed the external border.