Migratory routes map

One of the biggest entry routes for migrants into the EU is via international airports.

Main migratory routes into the EU / land & sea

  • Western African route
  • Western Mediterranean route
  • Central Mediterranean route
  • Apulia and Calabria route
  • Circular route from Albania to Greece
  • Western Balkan route
  • Eastern Mediterranean route
  • Eastern Borders route
  • Schengen area
  • Schengen associate countries
  • Central Mediterranean route
    Number of illegal border crossings in 2017 (Jan-Feb): 13 442

    Top 3 nationalities of migrants:
    Guinea 2 139
    Côte d'Ivoire 1 647
    Nigeria 1 425
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  • Western Mediterranean route
    Number of illegal border crossings in 2017 (Jan): 1 328

    Top 3 nationalities of migrants:
    Côte d'Ivoire 359
    Gambia 202
    Congo (D.R.) 146
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  • Western African route
    Number of illegal border crossings in 2017 (Jan): 14

    Top 3 nationalities of migrants:
    Morocco 6
    Algeria 5
    Syria 2
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  • Western Balkan route
    Number of illegal border crossings in 2017 (Jan-Feb): 2 448

    Top 3 nationalities of migrants:
    Afghanistan 955
    Pakistan 786
    Syria 210
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  • Eastern Borders route
    Number of illegal border crossings in 2017 (Jan): 33

    Top 3 nationalities of migrants:
    Turkey 8
    Russia 7
    Bangladesh 5
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  • Eastern Mediterranean route
    Number of illegal border crossings in 2017 (Jan-Feb): 3 037

    Top 3 nationalities of migrants:
    Syria 996
    Pakistan 267
    Algeria 233
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  • Circular route from Albania to Greece
    Number of illegal border crossings in 2017 (Jan): 304

    Top 3 nationalities of migrants:
    Albania 302
    Syria 1
    Algeria 1
  • Apulia and Calabria route
    Number of illegal border crossings in 2017 (Jan-Feb)

    Included in Central Mediterranean route read more read more

Source: FRAN and JORA data as of 3 March 2017. The data presented refer to detections of illegal border-crossing rather than the number of persons, as the same person may cross the external border several times. However, there is currently no EU system in place capable of tracing each person’s movements following an illegal border-crossing. Therefore, it is not possible to establish the precise number of persons who have illegally crossed the external border.