Migratory routes map

Main migratory routes into the EU / land & sea

  • Western African route
  • Western Mediterranean route
  • Central Mediterranean route
  • Apulia and Calabria route
  • Circular route from Albania to Greece
  • Western Balkan route
  • Eastern Mediterranean route
  • Eastern Borders route
  • Schengen area
  • Schengen associate countries
  • Central Mediterranean route
    Number of illegal border crossings in 2017 (Jan-Oct): 112 103

    Top 3 nationalities of migrants:
    Nigeria 17 467
    Guinea 9 374
    Côte d'Ivoire 8 940
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  • Western Mediterranean route
    Number of illegal border crossings in 2017 (Jan-Sep): 13 831

    Top 3 nationalities of migrants:
    Marocco 3 167
    Côte d'Ivoire 2 446
    Guinea 1 770
  • Western African route
    Number of illegal border crossings in 2017 (Jan-Oct): 244

    Top 3 nationalities of migrants:
    Senegal 95
    Morocco 71
    Guinea 37
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  • Western Balkan route
    Number of illegal border crossings in 2017 (Jan-Oct): 9 964

    Top 3 nationalities of migrants:
    Pakistan 3 560
    Afghanistan 2 875
    Iraq 802
  • Eastern Borders route
    Number of illegal border crossings in 2017 (Jan-Sep): 588

    Top 3 nationalities of migrants:
    Viet Nam 178
    Ukraine 82
    Russian Federation 62
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  • Eastern Mediterranean route
    Number of illegal border crossings in 2017 (Jan-Oct): 33 779

    Top 3 nationalities of migrants:
    Syria 13 115
    Iraq 5 747
    Afghanistan 3 238
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  • Circular route from Albania to Greece
    Number of illegal border crossings in 2017 (Jan-Sep): 4 854

    Top 3 nationalities of migrants:
    Albania 4 724
    Syria 17
    Afghanistan 17
  • Apulia and Calabria route
    Number of illegal border crossings in 2017 (Jan-Oct)

    Included in Central Mediterranean route read more read more

Source: FRAN and JORA data as of 03 November 2017. The data presented refer to detections of illegal border-crossing rather than the number of persons, as the same person may cross the external border several times. However, there is currently no EU system in place capable of tracing each person’s movements following an illegal border-crossing. Therefore, it is not possible to establish the precise number of persons who have illegally crossed the external border.