Migratory routes map

One of the biggest entry routes for migrants into the EU is via international airports.

Main migratory routes into the EU / land & sea

  • Western African route
  • Western Mediterranean route
  • Central Mediterranean route
  • Apulia and Calabria route
  • Circular route from Albania to Greece
  • Western Balkan route
  • Eastern Mediterranean route
  • Eastern Borders route
  • Schengen area
  • Schengen associate countries
  • Central Mediterranean route
    Number of illegal border crossings in 2016 (Jan-Aug): 116 705

    Top 3 nationalities of migrants:
    Nigeria 22 713
    Eritrea 14 495
    Sudan 8 053
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  • Western Mediterranean route
    Number of illegal border crossings in 2016 (Jan-Aug: Data for August 2016 includes only figures on the sea border): 4 808

    Top 3 nationalities of migrants:
    Guinea 1 299
    Côte d'Ivoire 943
    Algeria 635
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  • Western African route
    Number of illegal border crossings in 2016 (Jan-Aug): 392

    Top 3 nationalities of migrants:
    Guinea 133
    Côte d'Ivoire 130
    Cameroon 45
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  • Western Balkan route
    Number of illegal border crossings in 2016 (Jan-Aug): 122 078

    Top 3 nationalities of migrants:
    Not specified (Data reported by Croatia from January to March were not disaggregated by nationality) 102 332
    Afghanistan 7 463
    Pakistan 3 720
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  • Eastern Borders route
    Number of illegal border crossings in 2016 (Jan-Jul): 732

    Top 3 nationalities of migrants:
    Vietnam 202
    Afghanistan 106
    Ukraine 75
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  • Eastern Mediterranean route
    Number of illegal border crossings in 2016 (Jan-Aug): 169 152

    Top 3 nationalities of migrants:
    Syria 80 303
    Afghanistan 41 386
    Iraq 26 092
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  • Circular route from Albania to Greece
    Number of illegal border crossings in 2016 (Jan-Jul): 2 637

    Top 3 nationalities of migrants:
    Albania 2 560
    Afghanistan 39
    Syria 15
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  • Apulia and Calabria route
    Number of illegal border crossings in 2016 (Jan-Aug)

    Included in Central Mediterranean route read more read more

Source: FRAN and JORA data as of 10 August 2016. The data presented refer to detections of illegal border-crossing rather than the number of persons, as the same person may cross the external border several times. However, there is currently no EU system in place capable of tracing each person’s movements following an illegal border-crossing. Therefore, it is not possible to establish the precise number of persons who have illegally crossed the external border.