Migratory routes map

Main migratory routes into the EU / land & sea

  • Western African route
  • Western Mediterranean route
  • Central Mediterranean route
  • Apulia and Calabria route
  • Circular route from Albania to Greece
  • Western Balkan route
  • Eastern Mediterranean route
  • Eastern Borders route
  • Schengen area
  • Schengen associate countries
  • Central Mediterranean route
    Number of illegal border crossings in 2017 (Jan-Aug): 99 796

    Top 3 nationalities of migrants:
    Nigeria 16 590
    Guinea 8 833
    Bangladesh 8 745
    read more read more
  • Western Mediterranean route
    Number of illegal border crossings in 2017 (Jan-Jul): 11 605

    Top 3 nationalities of migrants:
    Côte d'Ivoire 2 019
    Morocco 1 846
    Guinea 1 590
    read more read more
  • Western African route
    Number of illegal border crossings in 2017 (Jan-Aug): 137

    Top 3 nationalities of migrants:
    Morocco 65
    Guinea 37
    Côte d'Ivoire 17
    read more read more
  • Western Balkan route
    Number of illegal border crossings in 2017 (Jan-Aug): 7 892

    Top 3 nationalities of migrants:
    Pakistan 2 725
    Afghanistan 2 340
    Iraq 766
  • Eastern Borders route
    Number of illegal border crossings in 2017 (Jan-Jul): 389

    Top 3 nationalities of migrants:
    Viet Nam 90
    Ukraine 63
    Russian Federation 48
    read more read more
  • Eastern Mediterranean route
    Number of illegal border crossings in 2017 (Jan-Aug): 21 063

    Top 3 nationalities of migrants:
    Syria 8 088
    Iraq 2 939
    Pakistan 1 908
    read more read more
  • Circular route from Albania to Greece
    Number of illegal border crossings in 2017 (Jan-Jul): 3 594

    Top 3 nationalities of migrants:
    Albania 3 484
    Syria 17
    Afghanistan 17
  • Apulia and Calabria route
    Number of illegal border crossings in 2017 (Jan-Aug)

    Included in Central Mediterranean route read more read more

Source: FRAN and JORA data as of 18 September 2017. The data presented refer to detections of illegal border-crossing rather than the number of persons, as the same person may cross the external border several times. However, there is currently no EU system in place capable of tracing each person’s movements following an illegal border-crossing. Therefore, it is not possible to establish the precise number of persons who have illegally crossed the external border.