Migratory routes map

Main migratory routes into the EU / land & sea

  • Western African route
  • Western Mediterranean route
  • Central Mediterranean route
  • Apulia and Calabria route
  • Circular route from Albania to Greece
  • Western Balkan route
  • Eastern Mediterranean route
  • Eastern Borders route
  • Schengen area
  • Schengen associate countries
  • Central Mediterranean route
    Number of illegal border crossings in 2017 (Jan-Apr): 37 223

    Top 3 nationalities of migrants:
    Nigeria 5 177
    Bangladesh 4 634
    Guinea 4 184
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  • Western Mediterranean route
    Number of illegal border crossings in 2017 (Jan-Mar): 4 096

    Top 3 nationalities of migrants:
    Côte d'Ivoire 754
    Guinea 743
    Gambia 485
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  • Western African route
    Number of illegal border crossings in 2017 (Jan-Mar): 74

    Top 3 nationalities of migrants:
    Guinea 37
    Côte d'Ivoire 17
    Morocco 7
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  • Western Balkan route
    Number of illegal border crossings in 2017 (Jan-Apr): 3 558

    Top 3 nationalities of migrants:
    Afghanistan 1 213
    Pakistan 920
    Syria 366
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  • Eastern Borders route
    Number of illegal border crossings in 2017 (Jan-Mar): 143

    Top 3 nationalities of migrants:
    Viet Nam 27
    Russia 21
    Ukraine 19
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  • Eastern Mediterranean route
    Number of illegal border crossings in 2017 (Jan-Apr): 7 468

    Top 3 nationalities of migrants:
    Syria 2 742
    Iraq 781
    Pakistan 700
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  • Circular route from Albania to Greece
    Number of illegal border crossings in 2017 (Jan-Mar): 1 539

    Top 3 nationalities of migrants:
    Albania 1 493
    Syria 12
    Algeria 11
  • Apulia and Calabria route
    Number of illegal border crossings in 2017 (Jan-Apr)

    Included in Central Mediterranean route read more read more

Source: FRAN and JORA data as of 5 May 2017. The data presented refer to detections of illegal border-crossing rather than the number of persons, as the same person may cross the external border several times. However, there is currently no EU system in place capable of tracing each person’s movements following an illegal border-crossing. Therefore, it is not possible to establish the precise number of persons who have illegally crossed the external border.